Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine
2018, vol. 27, nr 2, February, p. 263–270
Publication type: review article
Role of miR-181a in the process of apoptosis of multiple malignant tumors: A literature review
1 Department of Neurology, Third Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, China
It has been recognized that miR-181a expression is dysregulated and intimately associated with clinical prognosis in a variety of human cancers. However, the direct role of miR-181a in tumor progression has been elusive. Moreover, mounting evidence has demonstrated that cellular apoptosis, a physiological process of programmed cell death, is disrupted in various categories of human malignancies. Multiple apoptosisrelated genes have been proven to act as the target genes of miR-181a. In this study, we hypothesize that miR-181a probably plays a potential role in modulating the procession and apoptosis of cancer cells. We performed a literature review and elucidated how miR-181a modulated cellular apoptosis, especially the malignant neoplasm cells. We also unraveled the potential role of miR-181a in the diagnosis, treatment and clinical prognosis of multiple human malignancies – miR-181a plays a pivotal role in the development, treatment and prognosis of patients suffering from malignant tumors. It also participates in the development of cancer partially by modulating cellular apoptosis.
miR-181a, apoptosis, Bcl-2 family, P53, PRKCD
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