Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine

Adv Clin Exp Med
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Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine

2018, vol. 27, nr 2, February, p. 257–261

doi: 10.17219/acem/66353

Publication type: review article

Language: English

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Creative Commons BY-NC-ND 3.0 Open Access

Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) and suicidal: Criteria differentiation

Joanna Halicka1,B,C,D, Andrzej Kiejna1,A

1 Department and Clinic of Psychiatry, Wroclaw Medical University, Poland

Abstract

There are 2 types of basic self-destructive behavior: suicide and non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI). Currently, more and more researchers point out significant disorders which are NSSI behavior. This phenomenon is not new; NSSI seemingly has always been present in society, and certainly in approx. 10% of the population worldwide in recent times. Despite the enormous scale of the phenomenon, so far it has been overlooked and marginalized. They were considered transient behavior, typical of adolescence, a part of youthful rebellion. Current research indicates that the disorder affects the adult population in almost equal measure. It is only in the latest diagnostic classification – Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth edition (DSM-5) by American Psychiatric Association – that has considered NSSI a separate class of behavior. Up to now, it was classified as a prelude to suicide or an element of personality disorders. NSSI is more commonly associated with disturbing behavior and suicide attempts.

Key words

non-suicidal self-injury, suicide, suicide attempt

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