Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine

Adv Clin Exp Med
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ISSN 1899–5276 (print)
ISSN 2451-2680 (online)
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Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine

2018, vol. 27, nr 2, February, p. 237–243

doi: 10.17219/acem/68474

Publication type: original article

Language: English

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Creative Commons BY-NC-ND 3.0 Open Access

Real-life use of thromboprophylaxis in patients hospitalized for pulmonary disorders: A single-center retrospective study

Robert F. Łukaszuk1,A,B,C,D,F, Krzysztof Plens2,C,F, Anetta Undas3,4,A,C,E,F

1 Pulmonology Ward, The John Paul II Hospital, Kraków, Poland

2 Krakow Cardiovascular Research Institute (KCRI), Poland

3 Institute of Cardiology, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Kraków, Poland

4 Krakow Centre for Medical Research and Technologies, The John Paul II Hospital, Kraków, Poland

Abstract

Background. Underuse of thromboprophylaxis in hospitalized medical patients is still common worldwide. Little is known about the use of thromboprophylaxis in patients with pulmonary diseases in everyday hospital practice.
Objectives. The aim of this study was to assess the use of pharmacological prophylaxis of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in real-life patients with pulmonary diseases.
Material and Methods. In this retrospective study, 2 validated scoring systems, i.e., the Padua prediction score and Caprini VTE risk assessment, were used to assess the VTE risk in 2011 patients (1133 men and 878 women), aged 18 years or more, hospitalized for pulmonary diseases (median 6 days) in a single tertiary pulmonary medical center from January to December 2014.
Results. Using the Padua prediction score, we identified 428 (21.28%) patients at a high risk for VTE, including 167 (39.01%) who received thromboprophylaxis with low-molecular-weight heparin, and 261 (60.98%) individuals at a high risk without thromboprophylaxis (p < 0.001). A total of 888 (44.16%) patients who scored 5 points or more using the Caprini VTE risk assessment were identified as subjects at a high risk for VTE, including 34.79% of patients receiving thromboprophylaxis. From among patients at a high risk for VTE, 579 (65.20%) did not receive appropriate thromboprophylaxis (p < 0.001). Underuse of thromboprophylaxis was observed more commonly among patients hospitalized for lung cancer or pneumonia (50.60% and 24.87% of patients at a high risk for VTE without prophylaxis, respectively).
Conclusion. Thromboprophylaxis is underutilized in hospitalized patients with pulmonary diseases regardless of the scoring system used. Implementation of thromboprophylaxis should be markedly improved in this patient group.

Key words

venous thromboembolism (VTE), thromboprophylaxis, pulmonary diseases, Padua prediction score, Caprini VTE risk assessment

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