Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine

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Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine

2018, vol. 27, nr 2, February, p. 179–184

doi: 10.17219/acem/68994

Publication type: original article

Language: English

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Creative Commons BY-NC-ND 3.0 Open Access

Analysis of prevalence of selected anamnestic factors among women with pelvic organ prolapse

Jakub Śliwa1,A,B,C,D,E,F, Anna Rosner-Tenerowicz1,C,D,F, Anna Kryza-Ottou1,B,C,D,F, Sylvester Ottou1,C,D,F, Artur Wiatrowski1,C,D,F, Michał Pomorski1,C,D,F, Lesław Sozański1,C,E,F, Mariusz Zimmer1,D,E,F

1 2nd Clinic of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Wroclaw Medical University, Poland

Abstract

Background. Pelvic organ prolapse is the most frequent medical condition in women in the postmenopausal age. The pathophysiology is multifactorial.
Objectives. The purpose of this paper was to analyze the prevalence of selected anamnestic factors in the population of women treated due to pelvic organ prolapse in the 2nd Department and Clinic of Obstetrics and Gynecology Wroclaw Medical University (Poland).
Material and Methods. A total of 104 medical histories of women treated in the 2nd Department and Clinic of Obstetrics and Gynecology in the years 2012–2013 due to pelvic organ prolapse were analyzed.
Results. The most frequent type of defect was the complex defect concerning both cystocele and rectocele. Intensity of dysfunctions was determined by age, obstetric history (parity, newborn’s body mass and process of labor), and woman’s constitutional characteristic (her BMI and height). A comparison based on the type of defect revealed no differences between the groups except for BMI, which was the highest in the rectocele group (31.15 ±5.84; p = 0.0069).
Conclusion. The multifactorial ethology and differential clinical presentation including several types of this defect make this disorder difficult to prevent and treat. The obtained results confirm that there exists a relation between the data from the medical history and the prevalence of pelvic organ prolapse. Anamnesis can be useful when predicting prevalence and, in the future, may even help to decrease the prevalence of this type of disorder.

Key words

risk factors, epidemiology, pelvic organ prolapse

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