Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine

Adv Clin Exp Med
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Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine

2017, vol. 26, nr 5, August, p. 777–780

doi: 10.17219/acem/63155

Publication type: original article

Language: English

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Creative Commons BY-NC-ND 3.0 Open Access

The assessment of prosthetic needs of ESRD patients and the general population in Poland on the basis of the Eichner classification and teeth number: A brief, preliminary report

Marta Miernik1,A,B,C,D, Katarzyna Madziarska2,B,C, Marian Klinger2,E,F, Wacław Weyde2,A, Włodzimierz Więckiewicz1,E,F

1 Department of Prosthetic Dentistry, Wroclaw Medical University, Poland

2 Department of Nephrology and Transplantation Medicine, Wroclaw Medical University, Poland

Abstract

Background. End-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients are considered as a group of high risk of oral cavity diseases. One of the determinants of alveolar bone loss and increased teeth mobility in ESRD patients might be the bone abnormalities associated with chronic kidney disease-mineral and bone disorder (CKD-MBD).
Objectives. The aim of the study was to compare the general health condition, number and location of teeth in a group of ESRD patients with the group of peers from general population and revealing the risk factors of tooth loss.
Material and Methods. The ESRD group included 63 patients, 23 females and 40 males, undergoing dialysis with a mean age of 62.4 ± 15.6. The general population sample consisted of 37 people, 20 females and 17 males, applying for general practitioner visit, with a mean age of 65.5 ± 11.1. All the participants were using just public health care insurance. The data analysis was based on anamnesis, history of CKD, selected biochemical parameters of blood tests and clinical examination.
Results. There was no statistical difference in the prosthetic needs of patients undergoing dialysis and the general population. In both groups the situation is alarming.
Conclusion. The new procedures are needed to develop complex health care for ESRD and general population patients, emphasizing prophylaxis of tooth-loss and prosthetic treatment in order to maintain good level of life quality.

Key words

general population, prosthetic needs, Eichner classification, teeth number, ESRD

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