Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine

Adv Clin Exp Med
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Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine

2016, vol. 25, nr 3, May-June, p. 569–573

doi: 10.17219/acem/41923

Publication type: review article

Language: English

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Creative Commons BY-NC-ND 3.0 Open Access

Clinical Aspects of the Use of Botulinum Toxin Type A in the Treatment of Dysfunction of the Masticatory System

Zdzisław A. Bogucki1,A,D,E,F, Mariola Kownacka2,B,C,D

1 Division of Dental Materials, Faculty of Dentistry, Wroclaw Medical University, Poland

2 Division of Dental Prosthetics, Faculty of Dentistry, Wroclaw Medical University, Poland

Abstract

The purpose of this work is to present a new, still experimental method of treating temporomandibular disorders (TMD) by injecting botulinum toxin Type A (TBX-A), using its effects not as a toxin but as a medication. The mechanism of TBX-A, indications and contraindications for its use, as well as possible side effects, are discussed. Temporomandibular disorders are of concern to approximately 70–80% of the population. The effect of botulinum toxin depends on blocking the release of acetylcholine from a presynaptic neuromuscular synapse and, in the autonomous system, blocking its release from post-ganglionic cholinergic neurons. In cases of long-term TMJ disorders, muscle activity increases and spastic contractions may even appear. TBX-A offers an opportunity for a normal social and family life for many patients suffering from masticatory system disorders (MSD), who have been isolated from the environment by pain. The study is based on a review of the literature and the authors’ own experiences during several attempts to treat patients by this method. TBX-A is a safe medicine when the injection is performed by a well-trained physician.

Key words

botulinum toxin type A, dysfunction of the masticatory system, stomatognathic system

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