Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine

Adv Clin Exp Med
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Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine

2015, vol. 24, nr 4, July-August, p. 725–730

doi: 10.17219/acem/34581

Publication type: review article

Language: English

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Creative Commons BY-NC-ND 3.0 Open Access

Ultrasound Elastography – Review of Techniques and Its Clinical Applications in Pediatrics – Part 2

Urszula Zaleska-Dorobisz1,A,B,C,D,E,F, Aleksander Pawluś1,A,B,C,D,E,F, Kinga Szymańska1,A,B,C,D,E,F, Mateusz Łasecki1,D,E,F, Marcin Ziajkiewicz2,B,C,D

1 Department of General and Pediatric Radiology, Independent Public Clinical Hospital No. 1, Wroclaw Medical University, Poland

2 J. Gromkowski Regional Specialist Hospital, Wrocław, Poland

Abstract

Sonoelastography is a novel technique that uses ultrasound waves to assess the elasticity of tissues noninvasively. It provides an ultrasound-based method to detect and display the relative stiffness of tissue. The main principle of sonoelastography is the measurement of tissue distortion in response to external compression. Changes in elasticity and tissues deformation elicited by compression are measured, processed and then shown in real time presentation with color-coded elastograms. Most of the elastography applications are well known and have been described in detail in adults, e.g. evaluation of liver fibrosis or thyroid nodules. Similarly, most of sonoelastographic studies are based on groups of adults. The purpose of this review article is to bring this technology closer to pediatric clinicians and to summarize some of its current clinical applications that are being pursued. In this part we take into consideration utility of elastography in evaluation pathologies of musculoskeletal system, lymphatic nodes, thyroid, kidneys in pediatric patients and also elastography of placenta.

Key words

sonoelastography, muscles, thyroid.

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