Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine

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Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine

2014, vol. 23, nr 6, November-December, p. 857–863

Publication type: editorial article

Language: English

New Perspectives in the Diagnostic of Gingival Recession

Marzena Dominiak1,A,D, Tomasz Gedrange1,E,F, Tomasz Gedrange2,E,F

1 Department of Oral Surgery, Wroclaw Medical University, Poland

2 Department of Orthodontics, Technical University of Dresden, Germany

Abstract

Gingival recession (GR) is a common clinical situation observed in patient populations regardless of their age and ethnicity. It has been estimated that over 60% of the human population has gingival recession. It is the final effect of the interaction of multiple etiological factors. Identification and definition of the range of influence is often not possible, with the result that new methods for testing and elimination of potential etiological factors are still being sought. The aim of this study is to present the etiopathogenesis of gingival recessions with regard to the analysis of morphological and functional factors. For the assessment of the bone factors, we will describe the new cephalometric method for measuring sagital width of the bone in the central incisors area, places when GR are most commonly observed. Also, a review will be presented of modern methods of treatment; in particular classes recessions; usage substitute of autogenous tissue will be emphasized – collagen matrix, and primary culture fibroblasts on collagen net.

Key words

gingival recession, aetiology, diagnostic, cephalometric analyses, incisors area.

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