Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine

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Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine

2013, vol. 22, nr 5, September-October, p. 759–766

Publication type: review article

Language: English

The Therapeutic Effect of Probiotic Bacteria on Gastrointestinal Diseases

Rola probiotyków w profilaktyce i leczeniu chorób przewodu pokarmowego

Jolanta Sarowska1,A,B,C,D,E,F, Irena Choroszy-Król1,A,B,C,D,E,F, Bożena Regulska-Ilow2,A,B,C,D,E,F, Magdalena Frej-Mądrzak1,A,B,C,D,E,F, Agnieszka Jama-Kmiecik1,A,B,C,D,E,F

1 Department of Basic Sciences, Wroclaw Medical University, Poland

2 Department of Dietetics, Wroclaw Medical University, Poland

Abstract

The cause of many gastrointestinal diseases, such as irritable bowel syndrome, chronic inflammatory bowel disease: inflammatory and necrotizing enterocolitis or diarrhea: infectious, traveler’s diarrhea, and diarrhea caused by antibiotic treatment is an imbalance of intestinal microflora. Probiotics are live microorganisms, which administered in sufficient quantities, have beneficial health effects. The phenomenon of eating probiotic products started 100 years ago, when the first reports showed beneficial effects of probiotic bacteria on human health. Since then, probiotic preparations have become an essential element in the prevention and treatment of certain diseases. Currently, probiotics are of the utmost importance in supporting the treatment of gastrointestinal diseases and autoimmune disorders. Probiotic microorganisms are primarily lactic acid-producing bacteria of the general Lactobacillus, Bifidobacterium. Many studies have confirmed the beneficial effects of probiotics, particularly in the treatment of acute diarrhea. This applies in particular to diarrhea of viral etiology, especially in infants and young children.

Streszczenie

Przyczyną wielu chorób przewodu pokarmowego, takich jak np.: zespół jelita nadwrażliwego, przewlekłe choroby zapalne jelit – nieswoiste i martwicze zapalenie jelit, biegunki – infekcyjna, podróżnych, poantybiotykowa, są zaburzenia równowagi mikroflory jelitowej. Probiotyki to żywe drobnoustroje, które podawane w odpowiednich ilościach wywierają korzystny efekt zdrowotny. Zjawisko probiozy zaczęto wykorzystywać już 100 lat temu, gdy pojawiły się pierwsze doniesienia o korzystnym wpływie bakterii probiotycznych na zdrowie człowieka. Od tamtego czasu preparaty probiotyczne stały się istotnym elementem w profilaktyce i leczeniu niektórych chorób. Obecnie probiotyki mają największe znaczenie we wspomaganiu leczenia chorób układu pokarmowego oraz zaburzeń autoimmunologicznych. Do drobnoustrojów o działaniu probiotycznym należą przede wszystkim bakterie produkujące kwas mlekowy z rodzaju: Lactobacillus, Bifidobacterium. Wiele badań potwierdziło korzystne działanie probiotyków, przede wszystkim w leczeniu ostrej biegunki. Dotyczy to przede wszystkim biegunek o etiologii wirusowej, zwłaszcza u niemowląt i małych dzieci.

Key words

probiotics, gastrointestinal diseases.

Słowa kluczowe

probiotyki, choroby przewodu pokarmowego.

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